Insulin and growth hormone stimulate somatostatin receptor (SSTR) expression by inducing transcription of SSTR mRNAs and by upregulating cell surface SSTRs

Laura E. Nelson, Mark A. Sheridan

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Abstract

This study examined the effects of insulin (INS) and growth hormone (GH) on mRNA and functional expression of somatostatin receptors (SSTRs). Rainbow trout liver was used as a model system to evaluate the direct effects of INS and GH on mRNA expression of three SSTR subtypes characterized previously from this species: SSTR1A, SSTR1B, and SSTR2. INS and GH directly stimulated steady-state levels of all SSTR mRNAs in a concentration- and time-dependent manner; however, the pattern of expression was hormone and SSTR subtype specific. INS stimulated SSTR2 expression to a greater extent than SSTR1A or SSTR1B expression, whereas GH stimulated SSTR2 and SSTR1B expression to a similar extent, with SSTR2 and SSTR1B expression being more responsive to GH than SSTR1A. Whether INS- or GH-stimulated SSTR expression resulted from altered rates of transcription and/or changes in mRNA stability also was investigated. Formation of nascent SSTR transcripts in nuclei isolated from rainbow trout hepatocytes was significantly stimulated by INS and GH. Neither INS nor GH, however, affected the stability of SSTR mRNAs. Functional expression of SSTRs was studied in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO-K1) cells stably transfected with SSTR1A or SSTR1B. Surface expression of functional SSTRs was stimulated by INS and GH. These findings indicate that INS and GH stimulate SSTR expression by regulating transcription of SSTR mRNAs and by increasing functional SSTRs on the cell surface, and they suggest that regulation of SSTRs may be important for the coordination of growth, development, and metabolism of vertebrates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)R163-R169
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume291
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 12 2006

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Keywords

  • Hepatocytes
  • Rainbow trout
  • Receptor regulation
  • Stably transfected CHO-K1 cells

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