Instrumented thick-walled tube method for measuring thermal pressure in fluids and isotropic stresses in thermosetting resins

Mikhail Merzlyakov, Sindee L. Simon, Gregory B. McKenna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We have developed a method for measuring the thermal pressure coefficient and cure-induced and thermally induced stresses based on an instrumented thick-walled tube vessel. The device has been demonstrated at pressures up to 330 MPa and temperatures to 300 °C. The method uses a sealed stainless steel thick-walled tube to impose three-dimensional isotropic constraints. The tube is instrumented with strain gauges in hoop and in axial directions and can be used in open or closed configurations. By making measurements of the isotropic stresses as a function of temperature, the method allows determination of the thermal pressure coefficient in both the glassy and rubbery (or liquid) states. The method also can be used to measure isotropic stress development in thermosetting resins during cure and subsequent thermal cycling. Experimental results are presented for sucrose benzoate, di-2-ethylhexylsebacate, and an epoxy resin. The current report shows that the method provides reliable estimates for the thermal pressure coefficient. The thermal pressure coefficient is determined with resolution on the order of 10 kPaK. Among advantages of the method is that the tubes are reusable, even when measurements are made for cure response of thermosetting resins.

Original languageEnglish
Article number063904
JournalReview of Scientific Instruments
Volume76
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2005

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