Influence of maternal protein restriction in primiparous heifers during mid- and/or late-gestation on meat quality and fatty acid profile of progeny

M. J. Webb, J. J. Block, R. N. Funston, K. R. Underwood, J. F. Legako, A. A. Harty, R. R. Salverson, K. C. Olson, A. D. Blair

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Abstract

The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of metabolizable protein (MP) restriction in mid- and/or late-gestation on meat quality characteristics of progeny. Heifers were assigned to 2 levels of dietary protein (control [CON], 102% of MP requirements; or restricted [RES], 80% of MP requirements) at 2 stages of gestation (mid-gestation [MID] and late-gestation [LATE]) in a Balaam's Design crossover treatment structure resulting in 4 treatment combinations (CON-CON, CON-RES, RES-CON, RES-RES). A carryover effect of MID MP treatment on LATE CON indicated CON-CON steaks were more tender (P <.001) than RES CON. Mid-gestation restriction resulted in progeny with increased (P <.05) carcass water, soft tissue moisture, and decreased soft tissue fat percentage compared with progeny from dams receiving MID CON. Reduced maternal MP also differentially influenced the fatty acid profiles of progeny. Results suggest it is possible for progeny to overcome a moderate gestational MP restriction with minimal impacts on carcass composition or meat characteristics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-37
Number of pages7
JournalMeat Science
Volume152
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2019

Keywords

  • Beef
  • Carcass composition
  • Fatty acid
  • Fetal programming
  • Meat quality

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