Clinical reasons for a controlled induction of labor in a mare include management of high-risk pregnancies, monitoring of labor in mares that have had a history of dystocia, premature separation of the placenta, or other foaling complications. Late-term pregnant mares with a ruptured pre-pubic tendon, placental hydrops, or life-threatening medical conditions may require foaling assistance. Criteria have been established for the elective induction of labor. The mare should be more than 330 days into the gestation, have a well-developed udder, have a milk calcium carbonate content greater than 200 parts per million, and have a relaxed cervix as determined by palpation per rectum. This chapter discusses step by step procedure for performing the induction of parturition in mare.