Independent analyst research: Does it matter who pays?

William L. Buslepp, Ryan J. Casey, G. Ryan Huston

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


On April 28, 2003, ten of the largest investment banks reached an agreement with the Securities and Exchange Commission and other regulatory bodies regarding alleged misconduct of security analysts. This agreement, called the Global Research Analyst Settlement, allocated $460 million to source independent analyst research. Unlike other forms of analyst research, this research was not financed through investment banking or trading commissions and was theoretically “unbiased research”. We compare independent research funded by the Global Settlement to research provided by the same firms that was not funded by the Global Settlement. Research funded by the Global Settlement appears to be of lower quality than non-funded research produced by the same set of firms, suggesting that unbiased research does not necessarily generate higher quality research. More specifically, we find that quality declined in the later years of the Global Settlement period when there was no expectation of future funding for this research, commonly referred to as the horizon effect.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100700
JournalAdvances in Accounting
StateAccepted/In press - 2023


  • Analyst forecasts
  • Analyst recommendations
  • Global research analyst settlement
  • Independent research


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