In vitro study of transportation of porphyrin immobilized graphene oxide through blood brain barrier

Siheng Su, Jilong Wang, Jingjing Qiu, Raul Martinez-Zaguilan, Souad R. Sennoune, Shiren Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Blood brain barrier (BBB), a barrier formed by endothelial cells, separates the brain from the circulatory system and protects the stability of central neural system normally, however, it also results in low permeability of vast majority of drugs for brain disease therapy. In this work, the cytotoxicity, uptake and transportation of 2D graphene nanosheet through BBB were investigated in in vitro models of BBB constructed by human brain microvascular endothelia cells (hBMECs). Permeability of two types of graphene nanosheet, including graphene oxide (GO) and porphyrin conjugated graphene oxide (PGO) through BBB were studied. With hydrophobic chemicals conjugation on its surface, permeability of PGO was greatly improved compared to GO. Furthermore, transportation behavior of assorted sizes of PGO obtained by differential velocity centrifugation through BBB was also explored, revealing that PGO with larger size has higher permeability than smaller-size PGO. The significant improved permeability of 2D graphene nanosheet through BBB compared to traditional drugs provides promising applications in drug delivery and disease therapy for brain disease in the near future.

Original languageEnglish
Article number110313
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering C
StatePublished - Feb 2020


  • Blood brain barrier
  • Drug delivery
  • Graphene


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