In vitro stretches of the mitral valve anterior leaflet under edge-to-edge repair condition

Zhaoming He, Bo Gao, Shamik Bhattacharya, Tyler Harrist, Sibi Mathew, Wei Sun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mitral valve edge-to-edge repair (ETER) alters valve mechanics, which may impact efficacy and durability of the repair. The objective of this paper was to quantify stretches in the central region of the anterior leaflet of the mitral valve after ETER with a single suture and 6 mm suture. Sixteen markers, forming a 4 X 4 array, were attached onto the central region of the mitral valve anterior leaflet. The mitral valve was subjected to ETER with a single suture and 6 mm suture, and mounted in an in vitro flow loop simulating physiological conditions. Images of the marker array were used to calculate marker displacement and stretch. A total of 9 mitral valves were tested. Two peak stretches were observed during a cardiac cycle, one in systole and the other in diastole under mitral valve edge-to-edge repair condition. The major principal (radial) stretch during systole was significantly greater than that during diastole. However, there was no significant difference between the minor principal (circumferential) stretch during diastole and that during systole. In addition, there were no significant differences in the radial and circumferential, or areal stretches and stretch rates during diastole between the single suture and 6 mm suture. The ETER subjects the mitral valve leaflets to double frequency of loading and unloading. Minor change in suture length may not result in a significant load difference in the central region of the anterior leaflet during diastole.

Original languageEnglish
Article number111012
JournalJournal of Biomechanical Engineering
Volume131
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2009

Keywords

  • Edge-to-edge repair
  • Mitral valve
  • Tissue mechanics

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