In vitro bioassessment of trophic transfer and comparisons with field monitoring of residues and effects of DDTs in sediments and male hornyhead turbot (Pleuronichthys verticalis) of Palos Verdes, CA (USA)

Jordan Crago, Elvis Xu, Allison Kupsco, Fang Jia, Alvine Mehinto, Keith Maruya, Jay Gan, Dan Schlenk

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Abstract

High concentrations of DDT and metabolites (ΣDDT) have been detected in sediment and the demersal flatfish hornyhead turbot (Pleuronichtys verticalis) collected from Palos Verdes (PV), California, USA, a site contaminated with over 100 metric tons of DDT throughout 1960s–70s. This study was conducted to assess the transfer of ΣDDT from PV-sediment into polychaetes (Neanthes arenaceodentata) and hornyhead turbot, and to investigate if the responses in turbots from two different laboratory exposures mimic those in turbots caught in PV (PV-turbot). Turbot fed PV-sediment-contaminated polychaete for 7 days had liver concentrations of ΣDDT similar to PV-turbot. After 28 days, ΣDDT also accumulated in livers of turbot gavaged with a ΣDDT mixture. In vitro cell bioassays indicated significant increases of 17β-estradiol equivalents (EEQ) in turbot bile extracts as compared to the control in the 7-day study. These responses corresponded to those measured in PV-fish. Glucocorticoid receptor (GR
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)940-948
JournalEnvironmental Pollution
StatePublished - Jun 2016

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