In utero and lactational exposure to ammonium perchlorate in drinking water: Effects on developing deer mice at postnatal day 21

Kerry A. Thuett, Ellen H. Roots, Lisa P. Mitchell, B. Angella Gentles, Todd A. Anderson, Ernest E. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effects of in utero and lactational exposure to ammonium perchlorate (AP), a component of rocket fuel and a thyroid toxicant, on developing deer mice (Peromyscus maniculatus) were evaluated. Breeding pairs were dosed continuously with 0, 1 nM, 1 μM, or 1 mM AP in drinking water, from cohabitation until pups were euthanized at postnatal day (PND) 21. Pups from the second litter were used for evaluation in this study. No significant differences were observed in any analysis performed when litter means were used in statistical analysis. All reported significant differences occurred when statistical analysis was performed on individual pup data. Body weights were significantly different between treatments at PND 5 and PND 20, with the 1-μM body weights being lower than that of controls. Body weight and liver weight in the 1-mM group were significantly higher than the 1-μM weights at PND 21 when analyzed by analysis of variance (ANOVA). However, there were no significant differences in liver weights when analyzed with body weight as the covariate. Heart weights were significantly different between males and females. Male heart weights in the 1-μM and 1-mM groups were significantly lower than in controls when analyzed by analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) with body weight as the covariate. Litter size and survival percentage were not significantly different among treatments. Although significant differences were observed only when the individual pup was used as the experimental unit, these data suggest that AP exposure at different concentrations may variably alter body weight and male heart weight during mammalian development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1061-1076
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Toxicology and Environmental Health - Part A
Volume65
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 9 2002

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'In utero and lactational exposure to ammonium perchlorate in drinking water: Effects on developing deer mice at postnatal day 21'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this