In situ electrical conductivity measurements of H2O under static pressure up to 28 GPa

Bao Liu, Yang Gao, Yonghao Han, Yanzhang Ma, Chunxiao Gao

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The in situ electrical conductivity measurements on water in both solid state and liquid state were performed under pressure up to 28 GPa and temperature from 77 K to 300 K using a microcircuit fabricated on a diamond anvil cell (DAC). Water chemically ionization mainly contributes to electrical conduction in liquid state, which is in accord with the results obtained under dynamic pressure. Energy band theory of liquid water was used to understand effect of static pressure on electrical conduction of water. The electric conductivity of H2O decreased discontinuously by four orders of magnitude at 0.7–0.96 GPa, indicating water frozen at this P–T condition. Correspondingly, the conduction of H2O in solid state is determined by arrangement and bending of H-bond in ice VI and ice VII. Based on Jaccard theory, we have concluded that the charge carriers of ice are already existing ions and Bjerrum defects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2979-2983
Number of pages5
JournalPhysics Letters, Section A: General, Atomic and Solid State Physics
Issue number37
StatePublished - Aug 26 2016


  • DAC
  • Electrical conductivity
  • High pressure
  • Ice VI
  • Ice VII
  • Water

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