Improving Tenderness of Normal and Callipyge Lambs with Calcium Chloride

T. L. Clare, S. P. Jackson, M. F. Miller, C. T. Elliott, C. B. Ramsey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


Effects of CaCl2 injection on meat quality traits of 10 normal and 10 callipyge phenotype crossbred lambs were studied. Primal cuts from one side of each carcass served as the control and cuts from the other side were injected. After storage for 14 d at 2°C, chops were evaluated by Warner-Bratzler shear (WBS) force, trained sensory panel, and consumer sensory panel. Treatment of the muscles with 200 mM CaCl2 increased (P < .05) tenderness and lamb flavor intensity scores by the trained sensory panel and decreased (P < .05) WBS force in both normal and callipyge phenotypes. When callipyge muscles were not injected, consumers rated 94% of leg chops, 60% of loin chops, and 89.4% of shoulder chops acceptable in tenderness. However, when callipyge muscles were CaCl2-injected, consumers rated 96.5% of leg chops, 85.4% of loin chips, and 93.5% of shoulder chops acceptable in tenderness. Normal phenotype carcasses had more marbling (P < .05) in a firmer, finer-textured, brighter cherry red longissimus muscle. Injection of CaCl2 did not affect visual lean color or L, a, or b values during retail display of the chops. However, CaCl2 injection decreased color uniformity, increased discoloration, and increased browning at d 2. Therefore, a 5% (wt/wt) injection of 200 mM CaCl2 solution can be applied to improve normal and callipyge lamb tenderness and reduce tenderness and juiciness variation without detrimental effects on other palatability traits when evaluated by trained sensory panelists or consumers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)377-385
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of animal science
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1997


  • Calcium Chloride
  • Callipyge
  • Tenderness


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