Implicit theories and physical activity patterns: The mediating role of task orientation

Marc Lochbaum, Walter R. Bixby, Rafer S. Lutz, Megan Parsons, Tracie Akerhielm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Regular physical activity is associated with numerous health benefits; yet, most adults do not engage in recommended amounts of physical activity. Dweck and Leggett's (1988) social-cognitive model was utilized to explain self-reported strenuous exercise participation. Participants (N = 539) completed a measure of entity theory, goal orientations, attribution style, affect in response to exercise participation, perceptions of physical ability (PPA), and a 7-day recall of strenuous physical activity. The initial model fit with 100 randomly chosen participants was poor. A revised model that excluded ego orientation proved to be a good fit for low PPA participants and an excellent fit for high PPA participants. This revised model accounted for 29.5% and 21.1% of the variance in affect and 15.3% and 7.0% of the variance in strenuous exercise participation, respectively for high and low PPA participants. Future research is discussed stressing the promotion of a task orientation. ©2006 IDR P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)58-67
JournalDefault journal
StatePublished - Jun 1 2006


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