Implications of mean platelet volume in health and disease: A large population study on data from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

Somedeb Ball, Meily Arevalo, Sariya Wongsaengsak, Jeff A. Dennis, Kenneth Nugent

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Mean platelet volume (MPV) is a measure of platelet size and activity. We conducted a population study with National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data to understand the relationship of MPV with health and diseases. Materials and methods: The NHANES is a cross-sectional survey of non-institutionalized adult population, administered every 2 years by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Participants answer a questionnaire, receive a physical examination, and undergo laboratory tests. Values of MPV were collected over 6 years (2011–2016). Logistic regression was used to predict likelihood of being in categories with MPV < 10th percentile or >90th percentile. Statistical analysis was performed using Stata/SE 15.1. Results: In our study with 17,969 individuals, the mean MPV was 8.40 [SD = 0.92] femtoliter. Individuals with male sex, age 45–64 years, and recent hospital-stay were more likely to have MPV < 10th percentile. Obese, Blacks and Mexican Americans had higher odds of having MPV > 90th percentile. Individuals with emphysema had significantly higher adjusted Odds [OR 1.92, 95% CI: 1.11–3.31, p = 0.021] of MPV < 10th percentile. Individuals with cancer were less likely to have MPV > 90th percentile [OR 0.74, 95% CI: 0.55–0.99, p = 0.042]. A diagnosis of coronary artery disease, asthma, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease did not have significant associations with MPV. Conclusions: Obese individuals are more likely to have higher MPV. Individuals with emphysema had higher odds of having MPV < 10th percentile and those with cancer were less likely to have MPV > 90th percentile.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)90-94
Number of pages5
JournalThrombosis Research
Volume175
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2019

Keywords

  • Cancer
  • Emphysema
  • Mean platelet volume
  • NHANES
  • Platelet activation
  • Population study

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