Impacts of TTIP on Processed Food Trade under Monopolistic Competition and Firm Heterogeneity

Jeff Luckstead, Stephen Devadoss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Food processing firms vary in size, exhibit productivity differences, produce highly differentiated products, and engage in monopolistic competition. As the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership negotiation is gaining momentum and trade in processed food is becoming more important, it is worth analyzing the impact of this potential trade liberalization on the U.S. and E.U. processed food markets. This study develops a three-region (United States, European Union, and Rest of theWorld) monopolistic competition trade model with heterogeneous firms to analyze the effects of U.S.–E.U. bilateral tariff elimination and nontariff barrier harmonization on prices, domestic production, bilateral trade, productivity, measure of operating firms, and welfare in the processed food sector. The results show that this trade liberalization expands cross-hauling, with U.S. exports to the European Union increasing by about 95% and E.U. exports to the United States rising by about 87%. This increa
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-14
JournalAmerican Journal of Agricultural Economics
StatePublished - Oct 2016

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