Impact of Various Dry-Aging Methods on Meat Quality and Palatability Attributes of Beef Loins (M. longissimus lumborum) from Cull Cow

Derico Setyabrata, Siwen Xue, Kelly Vierck, Jerrad Legako, Paul Ebner, Stacy Zuelly, Yuan H.Brad Kim

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4 Scopus citations


The objective of this study was to determine the effect of various dry-aging methods on meat quality and palatability attributes of cull cow beef loins. Paired bone-in loins (m. longissimus lumborum) from 13 cull cow carcasses (Holstein, 42þ mo) were obtained at 5 d postmortem, divided into 4 equal sections, and randomly assigned into 4 aging methods (wet-aging [WA], conventional dry-aging [DA], dry-aging in water-permeable bag [DWA], and ultraviolet light dry-aging [UDA]). The beef sections were aged for 28 d at 2°C, 65% relative humidity, and 0.8 m/s airflow. Following aging, surface crusts and bones were removed, and loin samples were collected for the meat quality, microbiological, and sensory analyses. Results indicated that all dry-aged loins had greater moisture and trimming loss compared with WA (P < 0.05), while DWA had lower loss than DA and UDA (P < 0.05). No differences in shear force, cook loss, or both lipid and protein oxidation across all treatments were observed (P > 0.05). Among all treatments, DWA exhibited the least color stability indicated by rapid discoloration observed in the sample, while UDA had color attributes comparable with WA throughout the whole display. Microbial analysis indicated that UDA had lower microbial concentration on the surface than the other samples (P < 0.05). The consumer panel analysis found that all loins were acceptable, and the trained panel analysis indicated that DA loins decreased sourness and animal fat flavor (P < 0.05) and had a trend of decreasing oxidized flavor (P = 0.07). The results indicate that dry-aging can potentially be utilized as an effective natural process by nullifying some of well-known off-flavor attributes associated with cull cow beef while not compromising other meat quality attributes or microbiological shelf life.

Original languageEnglish
Article number13025
JournalMeat and Muscle Biology
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2022


  • cull cow
  • dry-aging
  • microbial attributes
  • sensory attributes
  • ultraviolet light


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