Impact dynamics of particle-coated droplets

T. Supakar, A. Kumar, J. O. Marston

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present findings from an experimental study of the impact of liquid marbles onto solid surfaces. Using dual-view high-speed imaging, we reveal details of the impact dynamics previously not reported. During the spreading stage it is observed that particles at the surface flow rapidly to the periphery of the drop, i.e., the lamella. We characterize the spreading with the maximum spread diameter, comparing to impacts of pure liquid droplets. The principal result is a power-law scaling for the normalized maximum spread in terms of the impact Weber number, Dmax/D0∼Weα, with α≈1/3. However, the best description of the spreading is obtained by considering a total energy balance, in a similar fashion to Pasandideh-Fard [Phys. Fluids 8, 650 (1996)]PHFLE61070-663110.1063/1.868850. By using hydrophilic target surfaces, the marble integrity is lost even for moderate impact speeds as the particles at the surface separate and allow liquid-solid contact to occur. Remarkably, however, we observe no significant difference in the maximum spread between hydrophobic and hydrophilic targets, which is rationalized by the presence of the particles. Finally, for the finest particles used, we observe the formation of nonspherical arrested shapes after retraction and rebound from hydrophobic surfaces, which is quantified by a circularity measurement of the side profiles.

Original languageEnglish
Article number013106
JournalPhysical Review E
Volume95
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 10 2017

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