Immune system stimulation increases the irreversible loss of cysteine to taurine, but not sulfate, in starter pigs

Anoosh Rakhshandeh, Cornelis F.M. De Lange, John K. Htoo, Amanda R. Rakhshandeh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

An isotope tracer study was conducted to evaluate the effects of immune system stimulation (ISS) on the irreversible loss of cysteine (Cys) to taurine (Tau) and sulfate (SO4), as well as glutathione (GSH) synthesis, during the fed state in pigs. We previously have reported that ISS increases plasma Cys flux and the GSH synthesis rate at the tissue and whole-body levels in growing pigs. Thus, the current article presents the data on the irreversible loss of Cys during ISS in pigs. Ten gilts (BW: 7.0 ± 0.12 kg) were feed restricted a sulfur amino acids (SAA) limiting diet and injected twice with either saline (n = 4) or increasing amounts of E. coli lipopolysaccharide (n = 6). The day after the second injection, a 5-h primed continuous intravenous infusion of 35S-Cys was conducted. ISS reduced plasma Cys and total SAA concentrations (16% and 21%, respectively; P < 0.05). However, ISS had no effect on the plasma concentrations of Tau and SO4, nor did it affect the appearance of 35S in plasma Tau, plasma SO4, urinary Tau, or urinary SO4 (P > 0.19). On a whole-body basis and including urinary excretion, ISS increased the appearance of 35S in Tau by 67% (P < 0.05), but tended to decrease the appearance of 35S in SO4 by 22% (P < 0.09). Overall, the current findings indicate that during ISS, decreased plasma SAA concentrations and increased plasma Cys flux are attributed in part to increased rates of Cys conversion to Tau, but not Cys catabolism to SO4. Thus, increased utilization of Cys for the synthesis of immune system metabolites, such as GSH and Tau, is likely the main contributor to increased Cys flux during ISS in pigs. In addition, the irreversible loss of Cys during ISS is small and has a minimal impact on the daily SAA requirements of starter pigs.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberskaa001
JournalJournal of animal science
Volume98
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2 2020

Keywords

  • cysteine catabolism
  • immune system stimulation
  • pig, sulfate
  • taurine

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