III-nitride photonic crystals for blue and UV emitters

J. Shakya, K. H. Kim, J. Li, J. Y. Lin, H. X. Jiang, T. N. Oder

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


We report the nanofabrication and characterization of triangular lattice array of photonic crystals (PCs) with diameter/periodicity as small as 100/180 nm on Hi-nitride Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) using electron beam lithography and inductively-coupled-plasma dry etching. Under optical pumping, a maximum enhancement factor of 20 was obtained from the PCs for emission light intensity at the wavelength of 475 nm at room temperature. Under current injection, the total power at 20 mA of 300 × 300 μm22 unpackaged LED chips revealed an increase by 63% and 95% for 460 nm blue and 340 nm UV LEDs, respectively, as a result of the PC formation. Our results show that the fabrication of PCs enhances the power output significantly on the III-nitride LEDs, which currently have very low external quantum efficiency especially in the UV range.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)163-168
Number of pages6
JournalMaterials Research Society Symposium - Proceedings
StatePublished - 2003
EventGaN and Related Alloys - 2003 - Boston, MA, United States
Duration: Dec 1 2003Dec 5 2003


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