ICTs in the context of disaster management, stakeholders, and implications

Sreedhar Madhavaram, Victor Matos, Ben A. Blake, Radha Appan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: This paper aims to focus on the role of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in preparation for and management of human and/or nature induced disasters. Design/methodology/approach: Drawing from the phenomenal growth of ICTs, initiatives aimed at disaster management, stakeholder theory, prior research and the successful development and implementation of 9-1-1 (emergency telephone service of the USA), this paper explores ICTs in the context of human and/or nature induced disasters. Findings: This paper discusses a new ICT for mitigating disaster management, scans, using stakeholder theory, relevant initiatives and prior research to identify the stakeholders relevant for successful preparation for and management of disasters, and draws from the 9-1-1 example to discuss how ICTs can be successfully developed and adopted. Research limitations/implications: There are opportunities for researchers to develop ICTs that can make countries, developing and developed, more efficient and effective in their preparation for and management of nature and human induced disasters. In addition, researchers can investigate the role of stakeholders in facilitating the adoption of new ICTs developed for disaster management. Researchers could also help public policy in designing the most efficient and effective programs for the adoption of new ICTs. Practical/implications: As an example of new ICTs that can potentially mitigate the effect of disasters, this paper discusses the E711 text-message mobile phone service (named “I am OK”) and provides a description of how this protocol operates and can be implemented. There are tremendous opportunities to develop new ICTs in the context of disaster management. Social/implications: This paper argues that ICTs such as E711 can have a major impact on all countries in general and poor and developing nations in particular. Specifically, in the bottom of the pyramid (BOP) markets, developing ICTs for BOP market in the context of managing human and nature induced disasters and ensuring the diffusion of such ICT innovations is both critical and challenging. Originality/value: This paper discusses the role and importance of ICTs in disaster management, identifies relevant stakeholders, discusses how ICTs can be diffused and implemented and calls on and hopes to provide an impetus to research on ICTs that can aid in the preparation for and the management of disasters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)32-52
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Disaster management
  • E711 emergency protocol
  • ICT adoption and implementation
  • ICTs
  • Stakeholders

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