Hydrogen production via urea electrolysis using a gel electrolyte

Rebecca L. King, Gerardine G. Botte

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

77 Scopus citations


A technology was demonstrated for the production of hydrogen and other valuable products (nitrogen and clean water) through the electrochemical oxidation of urea in alkaline media. In addition, this process remediates toxic nitrates and prevents gaseous ammonia emissions. Improvements to urea electrolysis were made through replacement of aqueous KOH electrolyte with a poly(acrylic acid) gel electrolyte. A small volume of poly(acrylic acid) gel electrolyte was used to accomplish the electrochemical oxidation of urea improving on the previous requirement for large amounts of aqueous potassium hydroxide. The effect of gel composition was investigated by varying polymer content and KOH concentrations within the polymer matrix in order to determine which is the most advantageous for the electrochemical oxidation of urea and production of hydrogen.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2773-2778
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Issue number5
StatePublished - Mar 1 2011


  • Fuel cells
  • Hydrogen storage
  • On-board hydrogen production
  • Urea electrolysis
  • Urea electrolytic cell


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