U.S. rapidly changing demographics raise important challenges for policy makers, practitioners and professionals when working with immigrant youth and families-1 in 5 children are born to immigrants (U.S. Census, 2004). It has been extensively documented that immigrant populations commonly experience limited opportunities in education, work and training, services, and housing that hinder the accumulation of human capital. However, the dynamics of how human capital is developed and transmitted across generations of immigrant populations, as well as the long-term socio-economic and political repercussions on American society, are phenomena that continue to puzzle scholars and policy makers alike. Furthermore, the assimilation and successful incorporation of immigrants' human capital into the country's labor market remains an urgent issue yet to be resolved but important because immigrants, particularly youth, represent a significant portion of the country's current and future workforce. Using a cultural lens, the authors aim to: first, review the main theoretical views on human capital (development and transmission), and second, conduct a critical review of extant empirical research on the development of human capital in immigrant families and youth. The proposed chapter will contribute to the scarce literature on the development of human capital among immigrants, particularly the most underserved minority groups such as refugees and illegal immigrants. Social and political implications will be also discussed.
|Title of host publication||Youth|
|Subtitle of host publication||Practices, Perspectives and Challenges|
|Publisher||Nova Science Publishers, Inc.|
|Number of pages||16|
|State||Published - Mar 2013|