Human capital development among immigrant youth

Elizabeth Trejos-Castillo, Sherley Bedore, Nancy Treviño Schafer

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

U.S. rapidly changing demographics raise important challenges for policy makers, practitioners and professionals when working with immigrant youth and families-1 in 5 children are born to immigrants (U.S. Census, 2004). It has been extensively documented that immigrant populations commonly experience limited opportunities in education, work and training, services, and housing that hinder the accumulation of human capital. However, the dynamics of how human capital is developed and transmitted across generations of immigrant populations, as well as the long-term socio-economic and political repercussions on American society, are phenomena that continue to puzzle scholars and policy makers alike. Furthermore, the assimilation and successful incorporation of immigrants' human capital into the country's labor market remains an urgent issue yet to be resolved but important because immigrants, particularly youth, represent a significant portion of the country's current and future workforce. Using a cultural lens, the authors aim to: first, review the main theoretical views on human capital (development and transmission), and second, conduct a critical review of extant empirical research on the development of human capital in immigrant families and youth. The proposed chapter will contribute to the scarce literature on the development of human capital among immigrants, particularly the most underserved minority groups such as refugees and illegal immigrants. Social and political implications will be also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationYouth
Subtitle of host publicationPractices, Perspectives and Challenges
PublisherNova Science Publishers, Inc.
Pages349-364
Number of pages16
ISBN (Print)9781626180673
StatePublished - Mar 1 2013

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Trejos-Castillo, E., Bedore, S., & Schafer, N. T. (2013). Human capital development among immigrant youth. In Youth: Practices, Perspectives and Challenges (pp. 349-364). Nova Science Publishers, Inc..