Human capital and substance use: A lifespan perspective

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

Abstract

Most research on human capital have mainly explored factors such as IQ, academic achievement, and labor outcomes without exploring other key domains (e.g., health, motivation to work, work environment, relationships) in so-labeled "vulnerable populations." A recent body of research has paid attention to the connections between drinking and drug use during adolescence, substance use and mental health issues during adulthood, and the accumulation of human capital over time. The negative outcomes of substance abuse could interrupt individual's normative development and could result in poor education attainment lowering the ability to sustain a job, which consequently lead to poor human capital attainment. The dynamics of transmission and accumulation of human capital in long term and short-term substance users across background contexts is poorly understood, though the difficulties and opportunities experienced by those individuals have been well documented. Disruptive use of drugs is the highest among young population and they are more likely to bring drug related issues (frequent loss of job, increased trouble with job and work, vandalism at work and others) into the work force. The link between substance use and workplace is significantly associated with cultural and social factors but there is scarce literature about the dynamics of such association. The proposed chapter will contribute to existing gaps in the literature by examining the associations between human capital development and substance use from a life span perspective (adolescence into adulthood). Theoretical, methodological and practical implications for extending research on this particular population will be also addressed.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHuman Capital
Subtitle of host publicationPerspectives, Challenges and Future Directions
PublisherNova Science Publishers, Inc.
Pages115-144
Number of pages30
ISBN (Electronic)9781536129861
ISBN (Print)9781536129854
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

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