Most research on human capital have mainly explored factors such as IQ, academic achievement, and labor outcomes without exploring other key domains (e.g., health, motivation to work, work environment, relationships) in so-labeled "vulnerable populations." A recent body of research has paid attention to the connections between drinking and drug use during adolescence, substance use and mental health issues during adulthood, and the accumulation of human capital over time. The negative outcomes of substance abuse could interrupt individual's normative development and could result in poor education attainment lowering the ability to sustain a job, which consequently lead to poor human capital attainment. The dynamics of transmission and accumulation of human capital in long term and short-term substance users across background contexts is poorly understood, though the difficulties and opportunities experienced by those individuals have been well documented. Disruptive use of drugs is the highest among young population and they are more likely to bring drug related issues (frequent loss of job, increased trouble with job and work, vandalism at work and others) into the work force. The link between substance use and workplace is significantly associated with cultural and social factors but there is scarce literature about the dynamics of such association. The proposed chapter will contribute to existing gaps in the literature by examining the associations between human capital development and substance use from a life span perspective (adolescence into adulthood). Theoretical, methodological and practical implications for extending research on this particular population will be also addressed.
|Title of host publication||Human Capital|
|Subtitle of host publication||Perspectives, Challenges and Future Directions|
|Publisher||Nova Science Publishers, Inc.|
|Number of pages||30|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2017|