How the IRS Can Regulate Return Preparers Without New Law

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Treasury has historically regulated a group called “tax practitioners” (chiefly lawyers, CPA’s, and enrolled agents) through the regulations contained in Circular 230. These regulations are issued under the authority of 31 U.S.C. §330 which permits Treasury to regulate “the practice of representatives of taxpayers before the Department.” <br><br>In 2011, Treasury tried to extend Circular 230 to cover Unenrolled Return Preparers (URPs). In the 2013 case of Loving v. IRS, the D.C. Circuit held that extension invalid based on 2 rationales: (1) URPs were not "representatives" of taxpayers, and (2) tax return preparation was not "the practice" of tax. A year later the D.C. District Court used that second rationale to hold invalid the Circular 230 limitation on CPA’s charging contingent fees for preparing amended tax returns. <br><br>The conventional wisdom is that the IRS cannot regulate URPs without some Congressional modification to 31 U.S.C. 330. <br><br>This paper takes a c
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1355-1369
JournalTax Notes
StatePublished - Sep 21 2015


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