Extensive experimental tests for tubes with commercial structured surfaces in a horizontal single-tube falling-film evaporator were conducted. The test sections were hollow copper cylinders with GEWA-T, Thermoexcel-E, or High Flux surfaces electrically heated by inserted cartridge heaters. A smooth surface cylinder was also tested for reference. All tubes were tested in both pool boiling and falling-film evaporation with water. The results reveal that falling-film evaporation provides much higher heat transfer coefficients than pool boiling in the low heat flux, convective region. The GEWA-T surface enhances heat transfer through its increased and accessible area, while Thermoexcel-E and High Flux demonstrate high heat transfer performances because of enhanced nucleate boiling. The falling-film evaporation data for the structured surfaces either merge or show a tendency to merge with the respective pool boiling curves at high heat fluxes. Unusual incipient boiling behavior of Thermoexcel-E and the effects of factors such as surface aging, surface subcooling, film flow rate, liquid feed height, and rate of heat flux change, are described.
- Augmentation and Enhancement
- Natural Convection