Hope, Coping Skills, and the Prefrontal Cortex in Alcohol Use Disorder Recovery.

Spencer Bradshaw, Sterling Shumway, Cynthia D'Sauza, Neli Morris, Nicholas Hayes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Alcohol use disorders adversely affect individual and societal health. These disorders are a chronic brain disease, and protective factors against relapse should be studied. Prefrontal cortex (PFC) dysfunction is evident in alcohol use disorders and research that explores recovery of the PFC in alcohol use disorders is needed, specifically in regards to how psychological and behavioral factors can augment medicalized treatments and protect against relapse. Objectives: In this study, associations between healthy coping skills and hope (psychological/behavioral factors), and PFC regional activation in response to alcohol cue exposure were examined. It was also examined whether such associations were unique to alcohol cues. Methods: Forty-two participants, 32 males and nine females, in recovery from an alcohol use disorder (AUD) were administered a subjective Hope and Coping in Recovery Measure. They also viewed alcohol, positive, negative, and neutral cues during Functional
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)591-601
JournalAmerican Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017

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