Highly tunable Raman scattering and transport in layered magnetic Cr2S3 nanoplates grown by sulfurization

Wencao Yang, Amanda Coughlin, Lucas Webster, Gaihua Ye, Krystyna Lopez, Herb Fertig, Rui He, Jia-An Yan, Shixiong Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The recent discovery of intrinsic two-dimensional (2D) ferromagnetism has sparked growing interests in the search for new 2D magnets with diverse and tunable properties for both fundamental scientific advances and novel spintronic applications. Here we report on the synthesis of layered chromium sulfide (Cr2S3) nanoplates via a facile sulfurization approach and the studies of their highly tunable Raman and (magneto-)transport properties. Depending on the specific growth conditions, we have achieved both epitaxial (and hence strained) and non-epitaxial nanoplates of Cr2S3 on the c-cut sapphire substrates. Via Raman scattering and density functional theory (DFT) calculations, we determined both types of nanoplates to be a rhombohedral R3 phase whose bulk counterpart exhibits weak ferromagnetism below a metal-insulator transition (MIT) temperature of ∼120 K. Compressive strain from the lattice-mismatched substrate yields a red-shift of up to 8 cm-1 in Raman peaks in comparison to the strain-free nanoplates obtained from the non-epitaxial growth. The strain-free nanoplate shows a variable-range-hopping type of insulating behavior, while the strained nanoplates exhibit an enhanced MIT up to ∼275 K in comparison to 120 K in bulk samples. The room temperature resistivity values of the two types of nanoplates differ by 2 to 3 orders of magnitude. The distinct transport properties can be understood qualitatively based on the electronic band structures calculated by DFT.

Original languageEnglish
Article number035029
Pages (from-to)035029
Journal2D Materials
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 16 2019


  • 2D magnetic materials
  • Mott variable-range hopping
  • Raman scattering
  • density functional theory
  • metal insulator transition


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