Our previous study demonstrated that green tea polyphenols (GTP) benefit bone health in middle-aged female rats without (sham, SH) and with ovariectomy (OVX), because of GTP's antioxidant capacity. The current study further evaluates whether GTP can restore bone micro-structure in both gonad-intact and gonadal-hormone-deficient middle-aged female rats. A 16-week study was performed based on a 2 (SH vs. OVX) × 3 (no GTP, 0.1% GTP, and 0.5% GTP in drinking water) factorial design using 14-month-old female rats (n = 10/group). An additional 10 rats were euthanized at the beginning of study to provide baseline parameters. Analysis using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, histomorphometry, and micro-computed tomography showed that GTP supplementation resulted in (a) increased trabecular volume, thickness, number, and bone formation of proximal tibia, periosteal bone formation rate of tibia shaft, and cortical thickness and area of femur, and (b) decreased trabecular separation and bone erosion of proximal tibia, and endocortical bone eroded surface of tibia shaft. We concluded that drinking water supplemented with GTP mitigated deterioration of bone microarchitecture in both intact and ovariectomized middle-aged female rats by suppressing bone erosion, enhancing bone formation, and modulating endocortical and cancellous bone compartments, resulting in a larger net bone volume.
- Dietary supplement
- Green tea