Glass transition temperature of thin polycarbonate films measured by flash differential scanning calorimetry

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Abstract

Flash differential scanning calorimetry was used to study the glass transition temperature Tgof polycarbonate ultrathin films. The investigation was made as a function of film thickness from 22 to 350 nm and over a range of cooling rates from 0.1 to 1000 K/s. Polycarbonate spin cast films were floated on a layer of grease on the calorimetric chip. The results show a greatly reduced glass temperature for the thinnest films relative to the macroscopic value. We also observed that the magnitude of the glass temperature reduction decreases as the cooling rate increases with the highest cooling rates showing little thickness dependence of the Tg. Dynamic fragility and activation energy at Tgwere found to decrease with decreasing film thickness. The results are discussed in the context of literature reports for supported and freely standing polycarbonate films.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1462-1468
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics
Volume52
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 15 2014

Keywords

  • Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC)
  • Glass transition
  • Polycarbonate
  • Thin films

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