Traumatic injury to a joint can initiate cartilage degradation. Blunt trauma increases matrix damage and decreases proteoglycan synthesis in in vitro models. Few studies have investigated gene expression of articular cartilage (AC) following mechanical loading. Recent advances in microarray technology allow analysis of a number of genes, and may elucidate pathways of AC degradation. In the present study, we used a bovine cDNA microarray to determine how acute trauma of cartilage explants in the absence of underlying bone alters gene expression. Results indicate that at least 19 genes were differentially expressed at 3 h after trauma. Fourteen genes were up-regulated and five genes were down-regulated relative to control explants. The up-regulated genes included cytokine and chemokine receptors, enzymes, and molecules involved in signal transduction. Genes of adhesion molecules and apoptosis were down-regulated. The results of this study highlight the potential benefits of using a bovine cDNA microarray to study cartilage metabolism.
- Articular cartilage
- Matrix metalloproteinase
- Mechanical impact
- Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction
- cDNA microarray