Galyean Appreciation Club Review: revisiting nutrition and health of newly received cattle-what have we learned in the last 15 years?

Michael L. Galyean, Glenn C. Duff, J. Daniel Rivera

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Our objective was to review the literature related to the health and management of newly received cattle published since a previous review by Duff and Galyean (2007). Bovine respiratory disease (BRD) continues to be a major challenge for the beef industry. Depending on disease severity, animals treated for BRD have decreased performance and lowered carcass value. Diagnosis of BRD is less effective than desired, and progress on developing real-time, chute-side methods to diagnose BRD has been limited. Systems that combine lung auscultation with temperature and body weight data show promise. Assessment of blood metabolites and behavior monitoring offer potential for early identification of morbid animals. Vaccination and metaphylaxis continue to be important tools for the prevention and control of BRD, but antimicrobial resistance is a concern with antibiotic use. Dietary energy concentration and roughage source and level continue to be important topics. Mineral supplementation has received considerable attention, particularly the use of organic vs. inorganic sources and injectable minerals or drenches given on arrival. The use of probiotics and prebiotics for newly received cattle has shown variable results, but further research is warranted. The health and nutrition of newly received cattle will continue to be an important research area in the years to come.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of animal science
Volume100
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2022

Keywords

  • bovine respiratory disease
  • cattle
  • diagnosis
  • management
  • nutrition

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