Galaxies appear simpler than expected

M. J. Disney, J. D. Romano, D. A. Garcia-Appadoo, A. A. West, J. J. Dalcanton, L. Cortese

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

81 Scopus citations

Abstract

Galaxies are complex systems the evolution of which apparently results from the interplay of dynamics, star formation, chemical enrichment and feedback from supernova explosions and supermassive black holes. The hierarchical theory of galaxy formation holds that galaxies are assembled from smaller pieces, through numerous mergers of cold dark matter. The properties of an individual galaxy should be controlled by six independent parameters including mass, angular momentum, baryon fraction, age and size, as well as by the accidents of its recent haphazard merger history. Here we report that a sample of galaxies that were first detected through their neutral hydrogen radio-frequency emission, and are thus free from optical selection effects, shows five independent correlations among six independent observables, despite having a wide range of properties. This implies that the structure of these galaxies must be controlled by a single parameter, although we cannot identify this parameter from our data set. Such a degree of organization appears to be at odds with hierarchical galaxy formation, a central tenet of the cold dark matter model in cosmology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1082-1084
Number of pages3
JournalNature
Volume455
Issue number7216
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 23 2008

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    Disney, M. J., Romano, J. D., Garcia-Appadoo, D. A., West, A. A., Dalcanton, J. J., & Cortese, L. (2008). Galaxies appear simpler than expected. Nature, 455(7216), 1082-1084. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature07366