Fundamental studies of a simple helical magnetic flux compression generator

A. Neuber, J. Dickens, M. Giesselmann, B. Freeman, J. Rasty, H. Krompholz, M. Kristiansen

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The design of a helical flux compression generator, driven by 150 g of high explosives, for basic studies is presented and experimental results are discussed in comparison to numerical simulations. Simulation of the electric current output with the commercial circuit simulator PSPICE shows that this generator conserves the magnetic flux ideally in the low current mode, <30 kA. At current amplitudes in excess of 100 kA, heating and melting of the single wound helix wire, AWG 12, limit the current flow. The volume between armature and stator is spectroscopically probed with fiber optics and valuable insight into the state of the shocked and compressed gas is gained. The same fiber optic probes are used to measure the velocity of the armature-stator contact along the generator axis. This contact velocity is largely affected by armature end effects, mainly due to the pressure loss at the detonator end. Both gas temperature and contact velocity have been successfully simulated with LS-DYNA3D, a three dimensional finite element hydrodynamic code. The generator's magnetic field structure is briefly discussed and magnetic field probe measurements are presented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)276
Number of pages1
JournalIEEE International Conference on Plasma Science
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000
EventICOPS 2000 - 27th IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science - New Orleans, LA, USA
Duration: Jun 4 2000Jun 7 2000

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