Functions and Mechanisms of Green Tea Catechins in Regulating Bone Remodeling

Chwan-Li Shen, In-Sook Kwun, Shu Wang, Huanbiao Mo, Lixia Chen, Marjorie Jenkins, Gordon Brackee, Chung-Hwan Chen, Ming-Chien Chyu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Osteoporosis is caused by an imbalance in bone remodeling, a process involving bone-building osteoblasts and bone-resorptive osteoclasts. Excessive reactive oxygen species and inflammatory responses have been shown to stimulate differentiation and function of osteoclasts while inducing osteoblast apoptosis and suppressing osteoblastic proliferation and differentiation via extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK), ERK-dependent nuclear factor-κB and Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathways. The anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory green tea catechins (GTC) have been shown to promote osteoblastogenesis, suppress osteoclastogenesis and stimulate the differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells into osteoblasts rather than adipocytes by modulating the signaling pathways. This paper reviews the pharmacokinetics and metabolism of GTC, their bone-protective activities evidenced in in vitro and in vivo studies, and the limited clinical studies supporting these preclinical findings. In light of the phy
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1619-30
JournalCurrent Drug Targets
StatePublished - Dec 2013


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