Fuel Cells - Exploratory Fuel Cells | Direct Carbon Fuel Cells

M. Muthuvel, X. Jin, G. G. Botte

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Direct carbon fuel cells (DCFCs) have attracted the attention of the researchers because of the increasing demand for clean and efficient techniques that use carbonaceous fuel sources. Direct carbon fuel cells are the only fuel cell technology that uses carbon as the fuel, which nevertheless provides several distinguishable advantages: (1) high energy density and efficiency, (2) low carbon dioxide emissions, (3) zero poisonous gas emissions (e.g., no NOx and/or SOx), and (4) abundant fuel resources (e.g., graphite, coal, biomass, and organic garbage). Research on DCFCs is discussed and summarized in this article. This article demonstrates that DCFCs are theoretically a feasible power generation technology and have the potential to be used in stationary and mobile applications. However, significant research is required to fill the gaps between experimental scale setup and commercial applications.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Electrochemical Power Sources
Number of pages14
ISBN (Print)9780444527455
StatePublished - Jan 1 2009


  • Clean coal technology
  • Coal
  • Direct carbon fuel cell
  • Fuel cells
  • Power generation


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