Cotton fiber maturity is a major yield component and an important fiber quality trait that is directly linked to the quantity of cellulose deposited during the secondary cell wall (SCW) biogenesis. Cotton fiber development consists of five major overlapping stages: differentiation, initiation, polar elongation, secondary cell wall development, and maturation. The transition period between 16 and 21 dpa (days post anthesis) is regarded to represent a major developmental stage between the primary cell wall and the SCW. Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy was used to investigate the structural changes that occur during the different developmental stages. The IR spectra of fibers harvested at different stages of development (10, 14, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 24, 27, 30, 36, 46, and 56 dpa) show the presence of vibrations located at 1,733 cm-1 (C=O stretching originating from esters or amides) and 1,534 cm-1 (NH2 deformation corresponding to proteins or amino acids). The results converge towards the conclusion that the transition phase between the primary cell wall and the secondary cell wall occurs between 17 and 18 dpa in fibers from TX19 cultivar, while this transition occurs between 21 and 24 dpa in fibers from TX55 cultivar.
- Cell wall
- Fiber development