Complexes containing four Cu impurities in Si are systematically investigated using density functional theory. The complexes include various combinations of substitutional and interstitial copper. The structures, formation and binding energies, approximate gap levels, and vibrational spectra are calculated and the results compared to the measured properties of the CuPL defect. The best candidate out of those investigated is the Cus1Cui3 complex recently proposed by Shirai. The estimated positions of the gap levels of Cus1Cuin, with n=0,...,3, suggest a straightforward explanation as to why only the defects Cus and Cus1Cui3 occur in high-resistivity material.
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|State||Published - Oct 31 2011|