Forearm blood flow follows work rate during submaximal dynamic forearm exercise independent of sex

Joaquin Gonzales, Benjamin C. Thompson, John R. Thistlethwaite, Allison J. Harper, Barry W. Scheuermann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

To test the hypothesis that sex influences forearm blood flow (FBF) during exercise, 15 women and 16 men of similar age [women 24.3 +/- 4.0 (SD) vs. men 24.9 +/- 4.5 yr] but different forearm muscle strength (women 290.7 +/- 44.4 vs. men 509.6 +/- 97.8 N; P < 0.05) performed dynamic handgrip exercise as the same absolute workload was increased in a ramp function (0.25 W/min). Task failure was defined as the inability to maintain contraction rate. Blood pressure and FBF were measured on separate arms during exercise by auscultation and Doppler ultrasound, respectively. Muscle strength was positively correlated with endurance time (r = 0.72, P < 0.01) such that women had a shorter time to task failure than men (450.5 +/- 113.0 vs. 831.3 +/- 272.9 s; P < 0.05). However, the percentage of maximal handgrip strength achieved at task failure was similar between sexes (14% maximum voluntary contraction). FBF was similar between women and men throughout exercise and at task failure (women 13.6
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1950-1957
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology
StatePublished - Oct 11 2007

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