Five xanthomonas type III effectors suppress cell death induced by components of immunity-associated MAP kinase cascades

Doron Teper, Sukumaran Sunitha, Gregory B. Martin, Guido Sessa

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Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascades play a fundamental role in signaling of plant immunity and mediate elicitation of cell death. Xanthomonas spp. manipulate plant signaling by using a type III secretion system to deliver effector proteins into host cells. We examined the ability of 33 Xanthomonas effectors to inhibit cell death induced by overexpression of components of MAPK cascades in Nicotiana benthamiana plants. Five effectors inhibited cell death induced by overexpression of MAPKKKa and MEK2, but not of MAP3Ke. In addition, expression of AvrBs1 in yeast suppressed activation of the high osmolarity glycerol MAPK pathway, suggesting that the target of this effector is conserved in eukaryotic organisms. These results indicate that Xanthomonas employs several type III effectors to suppress immunity-associated cell death mediated by MAPK cascades.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere1064573
JournalPlant Signaling and Behavior
Issue number10
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015



  • Cell death
  • Hypersensitive response
  • MAP kinase
  • Plant immunity
  • Type III secreted effectors
  • Xanthomonas
  • Yeast

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