"First-principles Study of the Electronic, Vibrational Properties and Anharmonic Effects in Some Si-based Type-II Binary Clathrates"

Dong Xue, Charles Myles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Electronic, vibrational, and anharmonic studies on some binary clathrate AxSi136 (A = Na, K, Rb, Cs; 0 < x 24) are theoretically presented. The Fermi energy lies in the range of 1.1 eV to 1.4 eV for NaxSi136 and increases as stoichiometry (x) is tuned from 8 to 12 to 16. The determined isotropic “Mexican-hat” shape of the guest-host potential describing Na motion in the Si28 cage indicates the “off-center” position when the temperature is elevated beyond zero. Accordingly, the calculated Na “off-center” displacements correlate well with the X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) data (0.4 Å–0.5 Å) for a similar composition range (0 < x < 24). The lack of first-principles analysis on quartic anharmonicity motivates us to initiate a self-consistent model to examine the temperature-dependent rattling frequency W(T) of the guest (Na, Rb). The predicted values of W(T) for Na24Si136 at 300 K are significantly higher (approximately six times larger) than the value at absolute zero, which contrasts with th
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)536-548
JournalMaterials
StatePublished - Feb 11 2019

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