First-principles study of the electronic, vibrational properties and anharmonic effects of some Si-based type-II binary clathrates

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Abstract

Electronic, vibrational, and anharmonic studies on some binary clathrate A x Si 136 (A = Na, K, Rb, Cs; 0 < x ≤ 24) are theoretically presented. The Fermi energy lies in the range of 1.1 eV to 1.4 eV for Na x Si 136 and increases as stoichiometry (x) is tuned from 8 to 12 to 16. The determined isotropic "Mexican-hat" shape of the guest-host potential describing Na motion in the Si 28 cage indicates the "off-center" position when the temperature is elevated beyond zero. Accordingly, the calculated Na "off-center" displacements correlate well with the X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) data (0.4 Å-0.5 Å) for a similar composition range (0 < x < 24). The lack of first-principles analysis on quartic anharmonicity motivates us to initiate a self-consistent model to examine the temperature-dependent rattling frequency Ω(T) of the guest (Na, Rb). The predicted values of Ω(T) for Na 24 Si 136 at 300 K are significantly higher (approximately six times larger) than the value at absolute zero, which contrasts with the case of Rb 8 Si 136 . Moreover, underestimation of the isotropic atomic displacement parameter U iso is caused by the temperature-dependent quartic anharmonicity of Na, and this discrepancy might be offset by the square of the "off-center" displacement.

Original languageEnglish
Article number536
JournalMaterials
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 11 2019

Keywords

  • Off-center displacement
  • Quartic anharmonicity
  • Self-consistent model

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