First-principles analysis of vibrational properties of type ii sige alloy clathrates

Dong Xue, Charles W. Myles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We have mostly performed vibrational studies of Type-II silicon-germanium clathrate alloys, namely, Si136-xGex (0 < x ≤ 128), using periodic density functional theory (DFT). Our computed lattice constant for various stoichiometric amount, namely, x, of Ge agrees to some extent with the observed X-ray diffraction (XRD) data, along with monotonically increasing dependence on x. According to our bandgap energy calculation via Vienna ab initio simulation package (VASP), Si128Ge8 has a “nearly-direct” bandgap of approximately 1.27 eV, which agrees well with the previously calculated result (~1.23 eV), which was obtained using the Cambridge sequential simulation total energy package (CASTEP). Most of our first-principles calculations focus on exploring the low-energy transverse acoustic (TA) phonons that contribute dominantly to the induction of negative thermal expansion (NTE) behavior. Moreover, our work has predicted that the Si104Ge32 framework exhibits NTE in the temperature range of 3–80 K, compared to the temperature regime (10–140 K) of NTE observed in such pure Si136 . It is posited that the increased number of Ge–Ge bonds may weaken the NTE effect substantially, as the composition, which is denoted as x, in Si136-xGex is elevated from 32 (or 40) to 96 (or 104).

Original languageEnglish
Article number723
JournalNanomaterials
Volume9
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2019

Keywords

  • Alloy clathrate
  • Mode Grüneisen parameter
  • Negative thermal expansion
  • Quasi-harmonic approximation

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