"First-principles Analysis of the Vibrational Properties of the Type II SiGe Alloy Clathrates",

Dong Xue, Charles Myles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We have mostly performed vibrational studies of Type-II silicon-germanium clathrate alloys, namely, Si136-xGex (0 < x < 128), using periodic density functional theory (DFT). Our computed lattice constant for various stoichiometric amount, namely, x, of Ge agrees to some extent with the observed X-ray diraction (XRD) data, along with monotonically increasing dependence on x. According to our bandgap energy calculation via Vienna ab initio simulation package (VASP), Si128Ge8 has a “nearly-direct” bandgap of approximately 1.27 eV, which agrees well with the previously calculated result (~1.23 eV), which was obtained using the Cambridge sequential simulation total energy package (CASTEP). Most of our first-principles calculations focus on exploring the low-energy transverse acoustic (TA) phonons that contribute dominantly to the induction of negative thermal expansion (NTE) behavior. Moreover, our work has predicted that the Si104Ge32 framework exhibits NTE in the temperature range of 3–8
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)723-749
JournalNanomaterials
StatePublished - May 10 2019

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