Feasibility and acceptability of a televideo physical activity and nutrition program for recent kidney transplant recipients

Cheryl A. Gibson, Aditi Gupta, J. Leon Greene, Jaehoon Lee, Rebecca R. Mount, Debra K. Sullivan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Post-transplant weight gain affects 50-90% of kidney transplant recipients adversely affecting survival, quality of life, and risk for diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Diet modification and physical activity may help prevent post-transplant weight gain. Methods for effective implementation of these lifestyle modifications are needed. The objective of this study is to assess the feasibility and acceptability of a remotely delivered nutrition and physical activity intervention among kidney transplant recipients. Secondary aims were to estimate the effectiveness of the intervention in producing changes in physical activity, qualify of life, fruit and vegetable intake, and consumption of whole grains and water from baseline to 6 months. Methods: A randomized controlled study for stable kidney transplant recipients between 6 and 12 months post-transplantation was conducted. Participants were randomly assigned 1:1 to a technology-based, lifestyle modification program (intervention) or to enhanced usual care (control). Results: The first 10 kidney transplant recipients screened were eligible and randomized into the intervention and control groups with no significant between-group differences at baseline. Health coaching attendance (78%) and adherence to reporting healthy behaviors (86%) were high. All participants returned for final assessments. The weight in controls remained stable, while the intervention arm showed weight gain at 3 and 6 months. Improvements were found for physical activity, quality of life, and fruit and vegetable intake in both groups. All participants would recommend the program to other transplant recipients. Conclusions: Our data suggest that a remotely delivered televideo nutrition and physical activity intervention is feasible and valued by patients. These findings will aid in the development of a larger, more prescriptive, randomized trial to address weight gain prevention. Trial registration: Clinicaltrials.gov Identifier NCT03697317. Retrospectively registered on October 5, 2018.

Original languageEnglish
Article number126
JournalPilot and Feasibility Studies
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 10 2020

Keywords

  • Diet
  • Kidney transplant
  • Physical activity
  • Weight gain

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