Fate of amoxicillin in two water reclamation systems

Audra Morse, Andrew Jackson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


The overall objective of this research was to determine the fate of amoxicillin in two wastewater reclamation systems containing biological and physical/chemical treatment processes. The results of this study indicate that amoxicillin is easily removed in a biological wastewater treatment system (<0.15 and 0.10 mg/L). Further evaluation of the physical/chemical treatment process, which included reverse osmosis, ion exchange, and UV oxidation and disinfection, indicated that amoxicillin will be removed (<0.10 mg/L) should it breakthrough the biological system. The concern of amoxicillin is not its presence in high concentrations in the effluent of a water reclamation system, but low antibiotic concentrations, which are known to encourage antibiotic resistance development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)117-132
Number of pages16
JournalWater, Air, and Soil Pollution
Issue number1-4
StatePublished - Sep 2004


  • UV oxidation
  • amoxicillin
  • disinfection
  • ion exchange
  • reclamation
  • reverse osmosis
  • wastewater


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