Extended Kalman Filtering to estimate temperature and irradiation for maximum power point tracking of a photovoltaic module

D. J. Docimo, M. Ghanaatpishe, A. Mamun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper develops an algorithm for estimating photovoltaic (PV) module temperature and effective irradiation level. The power output of a PV system depends directly on both of these states. Estimating the temperature and irradiation allows for improved state-based control methods while eliminating the need of additional sensors. Thermal models and irradiation estimators have been developed in the literature, but none incorporate feedback for estimation. This paper outlines an Extended Kalman Filter for temperature and irradiation estimation. These estimates are, in turn, used within a novel state-based controller that tracks the maximum power point of the PV system. Simulation results indicate this state-based controller provides up to an 8.5% increase in energy produced per day as compared to an impedance matching controller. A sensitivity analysis is provided to examine the impact state estimate errors have on the ability to find the optimal operating point of the PV system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-57
Number of pages11
JournalEnergy
Volume120
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Estimation
  • Extended Kalman Filter
  • MPPT
  • Model based control
  • Photovoltaic modules

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