Expression of steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR) in male American bullfrog (Rana catesbeiana) and preliminary evaluation of the response to TNT

Norka E. Paden, James A. Carr, Ronald J. Kendall, Mike Wages, Ernest E. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

We examined the expression of steroidogenic acute regulatory (StAR) protein mRNA in the American bullfrog (Rana catesbeiana). Primers and probes were designed to obtain a partial sequence of bullfrog StAR cDNA consisting of 349 base pairs. Quantitative PCR analysis of StAR mRNA equivalents was performed in tissues of juvenile and adult bullfrogs. In this study 18S mRNA was used as an internal standard. There were no differences in the expression of 18S RNA among tissues or between age groups. In juvenile males, the rank order for the constitutive levels of StAR was testes > skin > brain > kidneys. In adult males, StAR mRNA equivalent was greatest in testes, followed by kidneys, brain, and skin. In addition, stimulation and induction of testicular StAR by human chorionic gonadotropin significantly increased expression of StAR at 2, 4, and 6. h after injection. Preliminary evaluation of 2, 4, 6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) revealed that acute exposure is associated with reduction of StAR mRNA expression. The information provided in this study will be useful for future research on StAR gene expression in amphibian reproductive biology and the development of reproductive biomarkers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-45
Number of pages5
JournalChemosphere
Volume80
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2010

Keywords

  • Bullfrog
  • HCG and TNT
  • Rana castesbeiana
  • Reproduction
  • Star protein
  • Steroidogenesis

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