Exposure to child care, parenting style and attachment security

Yvonne M. Caldera, Sybil Hart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present study addressed whether security of attachment is differentiated by quality of parenting and quantity of exposure to child care. Sixty mothers participated with their 14-month-old infants, who by the age of 12-months had received either exclusive maternal care, or varying degrees of exposure to child care. Levels of attachment security were assessed through maternal completion of the Attachment Q-Set(AQS); parenting quality was assessed through observations of mother-infant interactions during structured tasks. The scores that less sensitive mothers assign their toddlers is higher when their children are in child care for more hours per week; whereas the scores that more sensitive mothers assign their toddlers is lower when their children are in child care for more hours per week. These contrasting patterns suggest that the effects of parenting style on attachment security are moderated by quantity of exposure to child care.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21-33
Number of pages13
JournalInfant and Child Development
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2004

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