Exploding-wire experiments and theory for metal conductivity evaluation in the sub-eV regime

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Abstract

Copper and silver wires are subjected to pulsed high current densities producing high density metal plasma in the sub-eV regime with atmospheric air as a background gas. Numerical simulation via application of the one-dimensional magnetohydrodynamic partial differential equations solved simultaneously with the constraining circuit equations is presented. The simulations require accurate knowledge of the material equation of state (EOS) and transport properties; the LANL sesame database is applied for the EOS in all cases. Two electrical conductivity models are applied. First, the Lee-More-Desjarlais (LMD) and its modification, the quantum LMD (QLMD) conductivity, which have been well proven at higher temperatures, are applied. Simulations with the LMD and QLMD data indicate that the conductivity data as well as the MHD methodology are accurate in the sub-eV regime of interest. A less computationally involved, empirical conductivity model is applied in the same regime to explore its temperature-density range of applicability compared to the more sophisticated model.

Original languageEnglish
Article number066409
JournalPhysical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics
Volume86
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 18 2012

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