Experimentally measured thermal transport properties of aluminum-polytetrafluoroethylene nanocomposites with graphene and carbon nanotube additives

Keerti Kappagantula, Michelle L. Pantoya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Scopus citations

Abstract

Reactive materials such as aluminum (Al) and polytetrafluoroethylene (Teflon) are used for energy generation applications and specifically in ordnance technologies. With the advent of nanotechnology various nano-scale additives have become incorporated into reactive material formulations with the hope of enhanced performance. An important component to the study of energy generation is an examination of energy transport through a reactant matrix. This study examines an experimental approach to quantifying thermal properties of an Al/Teflon nanocomposite reactant matrix that has been impregnated with carbon additives. Various structures of carbon are investigated and include amorphous nanoscale carbon spheres (nano C), graphene flakes and unaligned multiwalled carbon nanotubes (CNTs). The additives were selected based on their completely different structures with the hypothesis that the structure of the additive will influence the thermal transport properties of the matrix. Results show graphene has the greatest influence on the thermophysical properties. For example, thermal conductivity of the composites containing graphene increased by 98%. Graphene similarly enhanced the thermal diffusivity and specific heat of the Al/Teflon matrix. Conversely, nano C and CNTs decreased the thermal conductivity and thermal diffusivity of the samples significantly.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)817-824
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Volume55
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 31 2012

Keywords

  • Aluminum
  • Energetic nanocomposites
  • Graphene
  • Laser flash analysis
  • Reactive materials
  • Thermal properties

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