Expectations for tonal cadences: Sensory and cognitive priming effects (score = 5)

David Sears, Marcus T. Pearce, Jacob Spitzer, William E. Caplin, Stephen McAdams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Studies examining the formation of melodic and harmonic expectations during music listening have repeatedly demonstrated that a tonal context primes listeners to expect certain (tonally related) continuations over others. However, few such studies have (1) selected stimuli using ready examples of expectancy violation derived from real-world instances of tonal music; (2) provided a consistent account for the influence of sensory and cognitive mechanisms on tonal expectancies by comparing different computational simulations; or (3) combined melodic and harmonic representations in modelling cognitive processes of expectation. To resolve these issues, this study measures expectations for the most recurrent cadence patterns associated with tonal music and then simulates the reported findings using three sensory-cognitive models of auditory expectation. In Experiment 1, participants provided explicit retrospective expectancy ratings both before and after hearing the target melodic tone and
Original languageEnglish
JournalQuarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology
StatePublished - Dec 2018


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